Ayurvedais not justan ayurvedic treatment method but alsoan art of guidingyou throughan art to lead a lifethat promotesoverall health of thebody. Itoutlines the righteating habits and lifestyle that mustbefollowed to prevent illnessesfrom attackingyour body. According to Ayurvedaeach human being isbuilt upon five fundamentalelements i.evayu, aakashjala, agni and prthvi. There arethree doshas that governnamely vata, pittaandKapha.Every individual has itsown unique balance of the Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.
Panchakarma isthe elementof Ayurvedawhich not only eliminatestoxins from the bodybut alsoenhancesthe immune systemas well as balancesthe doshas.It is themosteffectiveway to healthat is used inAyurvedic Medicine.The therapyisrecommended for maintainingmental and physical health.It is a tried and testednatural treatment for detoxification andimprovinghealth.
Panchakarma isanSanskrit wordmeaning ‘fiveactions’. It isextremely individualized and tailoredto meet the individual’s needs,depending onthebalance of doshas, age, digestivesystem, and more.Depending upon the needof the patientallorpartof the fiveKarmas aregiven. Thetreatment eliminates excessivedoshas, and also balances the balanceofthe doshas as ittakes the toxins out ofthe bodyvia theorgans’channels.
Theentire process of panchakarmaincludes:
1) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2.) Pradhan karma- itincludes virechan, vamanabasti, nasya andraktamokshan, thefivekarmasi.e panchakarma.
3) Paschatkarma- it includesdiet post-therapy
Theprincipal goalinsnehanaandswedana is tobring thedoshas with vitiation to a non-existentform. Itis usedas an independent therapyand aspoorvakarmafor the Shodhanchikitsa.
It is also knownasOleation Therapy.It is aprocedure that is done beforebeginning the Panchakarma therapy.As mentioned inCharaka Samhita there are mainly4 types of snehana dravyathat are considered to be the most effective for snehan.
1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
DadimadiGhrita, tila Taila or bala tailaGhrita are just a few ofthedrugs usedinthe snehana.
Theprocess lubricates the entirebodyby applying medicated oils/gheeinternally and externally.When the medicated oil/ghee has beenused internally, it’s known asthe snehapanam. It’s animportant for the Panchakarma process.
CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-
1.) Internal oleation-
Itinvolves the consumption ofsnehana dravya , whether in a medicinalornon-medicated version. Itmay or may notbemixedwith other ayurvedicmedications or food items.The technique lubricatestissuesas well as various areas of thehuman body.
2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Itincludes head massages the body, massage,gargles, etc. that are medicated with oil.
It is also calledsteam therapy, also known astherapeutic sudation. It isanother procedure that is performed prior toPanchakarma.The therapy improvesblood circulation and removescontaminants through the pores of the skinand the body.
It is amongthemost effective methods that havebeeninto practice since longback. Itis used as ashaman chikitsa and alsoin poorvakarma to prepare for shodhan Chikitsa. Itcan be done onan individual part of thebody or the wholebody. Theprocedure of administeringswedanadoes not remain constant, it may changein accordance with the requirementsand requirements of the client.
PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA
It is atherapeutically controlledvomiting. Vamana therapyis recommended inkapha doshas.When the dosha crossesthe limit of a certain amount and getsrelocated to a different location, it need tobeeliminatedaway from yourbody. Kaphais locatedin the chestregion henceremoving it throughorallyissimple.
HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Madana phala Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik is themost effectivevamak dravya. Other herbsto use includethe nimba, kutajayashtimadhu vacha, etc.
The therapeutic emesis comes in twotypes:
1.)Gastric emesisstimulates the gastric mucosait then stimulates the vomiting center ofthe brain.
2)Central emesis- itstimulates the medullabrain and the vomiting centerin the brain.
Vomiting is coordinated byMedulla Oblongata, a brain regionandbegins with a lot ofnausea and salivation.
BENEFITS OF VAMANA
Theprocess eliminates the aggravatedKapha dosha, which improvesdigestion and metabolism. It alsorestores health and wellness, improvesthefunctions of senseorgans,boosts fertility,andslows the process of aging.
HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA
Vamana therapywhen an aggravatedkapha dosha causes diseaseorthe dominant kapha doshawith pitta dosha causedisease.Vamana therapy is a treatment with certainlimitations and contraindications.
Thetreatment is appropriate fordiarrhea and dysentery as well as feverfrom recent causes cough, coldurinary tractdisorders Anorexia, skin diseases breathing disorder, ingestion,goiter, fibroidetc.
Patientswith a kapha dosha less thannormalshould not be treated withvammanatherapy.Women pregnant, who do not havesnehana karma, agni that is strong(digestive system) and those who arehungry, in stress youngsters, older people and weak people, who have an over-sizedspleen, intestinal parasites,the prostate is enlarged, etc.in such cases vamana karmais not recommended.
Virechan (purgation)is the second karmaofpanchakarma. It isone of the most commonlyutilized treatments, especially inailments caused by theaggravated pitta dosha. The pittadoesha is removedforcibly through the anal route.Doshas are eliminated withless stress and complicationsthan vamana karma. Itmay also be administeredinpitta-kapha or vata-pittadoshas, where pitta is predominant. Thetherapy requires following a particulareating regimens to attain thenormaldiet and completethetherapy.
HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA
Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.
Depending on the medicine used,virechan is of 2 types-
1.) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofthe word “snigdha” isoily. It isa reference to pitta when itisin connection withvata dosha.
2.) Rooksha virechan- itcan be identified when pitta has beenrelated to kapha dosha.
Virechanis often associated withgout, piles, constipation and jaundice. It can also be caused by liver disease, splenomegaly, ascites,dysuria, pain in largeintestinal tract, urogenital diseasesystem inmale and female as well as nasal bleeding.
Insufficiency of the digestive system, diarrhea, dysentery, ulcerin the rectum and emaciatedpersonafter excessiveoleation treatment, wounds etcarethe cases wherevirechanshould not be used.
3) BASTI KARMA
Inolden daystheurinarybladder (basti) wasutilized as anequipmenttothe enema.So the name for theprocess is basti karma.
Basti isa particular treatmentwithinayurvedic panchakarma.In this treatment, medicated gheedecoction, oil and other ingredientsare administeredvia rectal,urinary and vaginal route. Itenhances immunity and promotesoverall health of an individual. Vatadosha causesall the diseasesand basti karmais the remedythat is most effective in calmingvata dosha.Hence it is describedas ‘ardhachikitsa’ .
DEFINITION OF BASTI
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Theadministration of medicine usingmassive or basti(urinary bladder) isknown as basti karma.
A single or a combination ofherbs, decoctions of herbal origin, medicated oil,and other such things, ksheera, mamsarasa, raktaand othermedications in the form ofliquid are applied depending onthehealth condition of theperson.
HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA
Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.
BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-
1) Expels thedoshas that cause death.
2) Pacifies theaggravated doshas.
3.) Acts as aphrodisiac forthose withsemen depletion.
4)It helps in putting onweight and reducingthe effects of obesity.
5)Delays ageing and prematuregreying.
6)Gives the proper nutritionandimproves the healthwithin the structure.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Promotes quality of lifeandextends the life span.